Watershed – GVT has been a pioneer non profit organization in community managed small scale water resource development, and every year interventions under watershed gets scaled up. Our main programme under watershed is to combine the needs of the local people and available potential with appropriate technology, community lift irrigation schemes and check dams. As a result of intensive micro watershed development, our field observation reflects that hundreds of wells, which were hitherto with low water level have been recharged and the water level have risen substantially. Increase in ground water level has improved many of our village where we work due to increase recharging activity.
GVT implements various watershed projects with an objective to increase cropping intensity and productions in both rainfed and partial irrigated situations; reduced threat of drought to both crops and livestock; increased ground water recharge – enhancing water use potential; decline in downstream sedimentation – increase in flow rates and volume of the stream networks and improved moisture regimes; change in livestock system dynamics – improved fodder quality and availability leading to change in herd size, quality and composition; increased opportunities for short term, medium term and long term on and off-farm employment. For all watershed projects GVT seeks to promote integrated watershed development through land water conservation and water resource development along with targeting other components viz. livestock development, crop improvement, women and social development, community health and Capacity Building.
Some of our major watershed projects:
GUJARAT: Indo German Watershed Development Program (IGWDP) - Minakyar (Dahod) : Currently, IGWDP-Minakyar watershed program is being implemented in Jhalod, Garbada block of Dahod district in Gujarat. The interventions include adopting Engineering and Agronomic measures for conserving Soil and Water resources along with the support to build their capacities to enhance their livelihood by skill development and entrepreneurship. Major activities are: Pasture land development, Agro forestry plantation, Dry land horticulture, Women empowerment, efficient irrigation for water management, GAP- Good agricultural practices, well deepening and well recharge, Agriculture land development etc. This project cover a total land area of 1236.80 hectares covering 1645 tribal households. So far, 15 SHGs and 1 women federation has been formed with a total of 166 members.
MADHYA PRADESH: IWMP Bajana, Chattarpur, Badnagar and Khachrod: Currently four IWMP watershed programs are being implemented in the region out of which IWMP-Badnagar project was awarded recently in 2015 only with an outlay of Rs. 1.52 crores in Ujjain district, and intends to cover 5600 hectare in 8 villages and has covered 700 hectare upto this year. Under remaining 3 watershed projects till now, an area of 15,307 hectare has been treated through Stop dams, Ponds, Gabion structures, Stone bunds, Earthen bunds etc. benefitting more than 6173 households. Major activities undertaken in the program are EPAs (Entry Point Activity) work, Formation of Community groups (6 WDCs), Regular training and community development programmes etc.
JHARKHAND: IWMP Littipara (Pakur) and Gola (Ramgarh): IWMP watershed programs are being implemented in Litipara block of Pakur and Gola block of Ramgarh district. These programs are funded by Jharkhand State Watershed Mission, Deptt. of Land Resources for the period of five years. The total cost of the two projects is Rs. 15.6 crore. The project focuses on participatory Watershed Management and socio economic empowerment of the watershed community by creating awareness among them and facilitating the management of Soil & Water for the improvement of their livelihoods. Under these projects a total of 160 villages are being covered and more than 60,000 families are getting directly benefitted. Total area covered under the two projects is 12,000 hectares.
JHARKHAND: RIDF- Watershed Development in Boarijore & Sunderpahadi (Godda): In Jharkhand there are other two watershed management programs which are recently awarded by State Level Nodal Agency for Watershed, Government of Jharkhand under Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) of NABARD at Boarijore and Sunderpahadi blocks of Godda district. Cumulative outlay of the projects is Rs. 2046.14 lakh for duration of three years. The project focuses on the participatory Watershed Management and socio economic empowerment of the watershed community, Creating awareness amongst the community on Soil and Water Conservation, Facilitation of Community for the Management of Soil & Water for improvement of their livelihoods, Creation of Vegetative and Physical measures for Soil & Water Conservation. Project is under initial phase and activities are under progress and it intends to cover more than 7000 hectare area of land in more than 100 villages of respective blocks.
WEST BENGAL: Sustainable Development Plan of Pairachali & Rupuspur watershed project: National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has awarded a project this year on Sustainable Development plan under Pairachali & Rupuspur Watershed area in the State of West Bengal. Outlay of the project is Rs. 20 lakh for a duration of one year. Main objective of the project is to strengthen village watershed committee, provide financial inclusion upto 100%, to ensure the linkage with technical agency and facilitating transfer of technology to farmers, to ensure formation of at least one producer company under the project. As of now project is running well in 20 villages of Rupuspur and Pairachali watershed area wherein total area covered is 1525.59 hectares and the no. of beneficiaries covered are 1039 from Manbazar I and Khairasole block of Purulia & Birbhum district.
WEST BENGAL: ADMIP Project: GVT has been awarded a project by Water Resources Investigation & Development Department, Govt. of W.Bengal for consulting services as Service Provider (SP) for Micro-watershed under Accelerated Development of Minor Irrigation Project (ADMIP) in Mahummadbazar, Rampurhat-I & Suri-I block of Birbhum district,Arsha, Hura&Purulia-II block of Purulia district, and Simplapal, Taldangra&Onda block of Bankura district (West Bengal) supported by World Bank. Total area to be covered under the assignment is 6000 Ha in three years of project duration or till the end of the project period wherein the no. of beneficiaries covered will be 900 (approx.). Outlay of the project is Rs. 203.95 lakh. The objective of ADMIP project is to enhance agricultural production of small and marginal farmers in the project area through accelerated development of minor irrigation schemes by strengthening community-based irrigation management and by Agriculture, Horticulture and Fishery related development using new technologies and improved production practices.
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