Wasteland Agriculture Development Initiative
WADI - Organic and Non Organic WADI is also known as Wasteland Agriculture Development Initiative (Orchard Development on uncultivable land and providing the beneficiaries the basic knowledge and advantages of orchard farming, providing organic manures, organic fertilizers, organic certification, identifying viable & sustainable micro enterprises). GVT currently has 23 WADIs, all funded by NABARD, out of which 6 are organic and 17 are inorganic WADIs. The total area under GVT WADI programme is around 7,465 hectare covering 17,441 families. The project focuses on the development of small fruit orchard and restoration of denuded land through ecological intervention and soil conservation measures. The fallow area between the two rows of fruit plants is promoted by vegetable cultivation, which always ensure the employment and income generation for the target group.
Before implementing the WADI programme, awareness camps are conducted, exposure visit are organized to sensitize the farmers along with training programmes of farmers for capacity building. Farmers who have more than one acre of land but do not cultivate it for producing any crop are selected for the WADI programme. This is followed by Farm system development of Wadi, and then formation of separate Wadi Vikas Samiti in each Wadis. Other targeted components under this WADI programme are livestock development, gender issues and sanitation. The WADI programme acts as a good source of earning extra income from the land on which, earlier nothing was being cultivated. 8 WADI programmes are being implemented in the Eastern Zonal Office at Ranchi in Jharkhand and the rest 15 are being implemented in Western Zonal Office at Jaipur in Rajasthan.
Major works carried out under WADI programme are:
- Soil conservation
- Water resource development
- Sustainable agriculture
- Community development
- Women capacity development
- Drudgery reduction measures
- On farm & non-form income generation activities, SHG includes thrift & credit habit
- Community health check ups
- Micro enterprises for land less peoples
- Peoples Participation
The main outputs of our WADI programme are productive utilization of wasteland and marginal lands, increased area under fruit crops, conservation of natural resource like water and soil, reduced migration, Improved social status, generation of self employment for rural mass, strengthened community participation in decision making process. WADI plantations have several benefits even on small plots, fruit trees produce high yields, both quantity and money wise; fruit trees provide the tribals with healthy supplementary nutrition to their otherwise nonnutritive diet; and the fruit trees also serve to improve the environment in terms of checking soil erosion, carbon dioxide sequestration, providing shed, increasing growth of fodder plants etc. New orchards developed this year are inter-cultivated with different vegetables as a result the earnings has gone up than those for traditional crops.
Some of the important WADI Projects:
WADI Bero & Lapung Blocks of Ranchi District, Jharkhand
The project is focused on development of small fruit orchard and restoration of denuded land through ecological intervention and soil conservation measures. The fallow area between the two rows of fruit plants is being promoted by vegetable cultivation, which will ensure the employment and income generation for the target group. 1000 Tribal Families in 37 villages of Bero & Lapung Blocks.
WADI Chainpur Block of Gumla District, Jharkhand
The project is in the inception phase and entry point activities as well as preliminary work of plantation has been accomplished. Efforts are also being directed for formation and strengthening of institutional frameworks. 250 WADI is in both Godda & Gumla district has been cover in first year. Community mobilization is very important to actualize the process oriented intervention. Other livelihood interventions along with the agro-horti development has been accepted as integrated food security thereby assurance of sustained income for the farmers. 1000 Families in 25 Villages of Chainpur Block
WADI Purnea , Bihar
The most important component under this WADI are Productive Utilization of wasteland and marginal lands, Increased area under fruit crops, Conservation of natural resource like water and soil, reduced migration, Improved social status, Generation of self employment for rural mass, Strengthened Community participation in decision making process. 550 families will be covered under the Project.
WADI Bandwan block of Purulia district, West Bengal
Total 1000 WADI established in 1000 acre of land. Total 70000 Nos. Horticulture Plants Planted (40000 Nos. Mango and 30000 Nos. Cashew) Apart from this, 29 Nos. Women Group has been formed and 22 Nos. Groups opened their Account in Bank. 62 Nos. Village level WADI Development Committee formed. 1000 WADI Families in Six (6) GPs under Bandwan Block, Purulia district, WB
WADI Charama block, Dist. Kanker in Chhattisgarh state
Under this WADI there were a total of 407 household beneficiaries in the 18 village of project block of Charama dist. Kanker in the state of Chhattisgarh. Major Components of the programme are Soil conservation, Water resource development, Sustainable agriculture, Community development, Women development and Drudgery reduction measures.
WADI Garbada in Gujarat
A total of 919 families and 919 Acre have been covered under this WADI programme. Fruit plant mango 10X10 & Pomegranate 5X5 and vegetable have been taken up under this WADI.
WADI Kushalgarh & WADI Talwara block (Banswara) in Rajasthan
Establishment of Wadi (Homestead farming) to generate supplement income for targeted tribal beneficiaries. The main methodology applied under this WADI are conducting awareness camps, exposure visit and training programmes of farmers for capacity building and formation of separate Wadi Vikas Samiti in each Wadi. Other targeted components viz. livestock development, gender issues and sanitation. Planting was done for 15 Mango and 15 Aonwla in 50:50 ratio and border plantation has been done after proper pit filling. This WADI covers 2000 ST family and approximately 1000 acre of land in 15 villages. There are two other WADIs also being implemented at Bagidora block and Peepalkhoot block in Rajasthan. (Wadi Projects)