Wasteland Agriculture Development Initiative

WADI - Organic and Non Organic WADI is also known as Wasteland Agriculture Development Initiative (Orchard Development on uncultivable land and providing the beneficiaries the basic knowledge and advantages of orchard farming, providing organic manures, organic fertilizers, organic certification, identifying viable & sustainable micro enterprises).  GVT is currently implementing 19 WADIs funded by NABARD in 5 states covering over 17,520 tribal families in more than 500 villages. The total area covered under GVT WADI programme is around 8,265 hectare (20,478 acres) covering more than 19,441 families until now.The project focuses on the development of small fruit orchard and restoration of denuded land through ecological intervention and soil conservation measures. The fallow area  between the two rows of fruit plants is promoted by vegetable cultivation, which always ensure the employment and income generation for the target group.

Before implementing the WADI programme, awareness camps are conducted, exposure visit are organized to sensitize the farmers along with training programmes of farmers for capacity building. Farmers who have more than one acre of land but do not cultivate it for producing any crop are selected for the WADI programme. This is followed by Farm system development of Wadi, and then formation of separate Wadi Vikas Samiti in each Wadis. Other targeted components under this WADI programme are livestock development, gender issues and sanitation. The WADI programme acts as a good source of earning extra income from the land on which, earlier nothing was being cultivated. 

 

Major works carried out under WADI programme are:

The main outputs of our WADI programme are productive utilization of wasteland and marginal lands, increased area under fruit crops, conservation of natural resource like water and soil, reduced migration, Improved social status, generation of  self employment for rural mass,  strengthened community participation in decision making process. WADI plantations have several benefits even on small plots, fruit trees produce high yields, both quantity and money wise; fruit trees provide the tribals with healthy supplementary nutrition to their otherwise nonnutritive diet; and the fruit trees also serve to improve the environment in terms of checking soil erosion, carbon dioxide sequestration, providing shed, increasing growth of fodder plants etc. New orchards developed this year are inter-cultivated with different vegetables as a result the earnings has gone up than those for traditional crops.

 

Some of the important WADI Projects:

RAJASTHAN: WADI-Kushalgarh  II, and Kishanganj: Currently, there are two WADI projects being implemented in the state of Rajasthan which are funded by NABARD. WADI Kishanganj is the recent one which was awarded in 2013 in the Kishanganj block of Baran district. Kishanganj Wadi project aims at the promotion of homestead orchard farming for 550 small and marginalized Sahariya Tribals (including 50 land less farmers) from 20 project villages by improving their economic conditions and quality of life through multi-functional cropping system by 2020 and has already covered 550 farmer families till 2016.Whereas, Kushalgarh WADI II has  covered 1000 beneficiary households of 21 villages in Banswara district; wherein1000 acre of land has been covered till 2016-17. On an average 18-20 Mango and 17-20 Aonla/Citrus/Guava etc. saplings are provided to the beneficiaries along with border plantations of forestry species. 

GUJARAT: WADI-Garbada, Jhalod and Dahod: There are three WADI projects currently being implemented in Garbada, Jhalod, Dahod and Panchmahal blocks of Dahod district (Gujarat), wherein 2107 beneficiary households of 38villages have been covered till now. The total geographical area covered under these WADIs is 2000 acre. These WADI programs intends to promote/create sustainable livelihoods by developing one acre of unused land with suitable fruits plants & vegetable cultivation as inter crop for cash cropping. Each WADI consists of 22 Mango, 10 Pomegranate and 12 Lemon Plants along with other border plantations with forestry plants. There is also provision of creeper vegetable Cultivation in Mandav WADI (i.e Tier system). In total 1 acre of land is completely utilized through Turmeric/Ginger, Mandav (Creeper vegetable), fruit crop and other vegetable crops as intercropping. 
 
JHARKHAND: WADI- Chainpur, Latehar and Sunderpahadi: Funded by NABARD-Ranchi, these WADIs are focused on development of small fruit orchard and restoration of denuded land through ecological intervention and soil conservation measures. Currently there are three WADIs being implemented in , Gumla, Latehar and Godda district of Jharkhand with an outlay of 1206.42lakh. Out of which WADI in Latehar district was  awarded recently with a project cost of Rs. 4.59 crores for a project duration of 7 years and intends to reach 1000 tribal households covering 1000 acres of land and has covered 550 WADIs in this financial year. Overall, 2550 WADIs have been established in the aforesaid area. Major activities undertaken are Rapport building & entry point activities, Training & capacity building, Formation & strengthening of Groups/ Federation, Agri-horti- Forestry development, Livelihood intervention, Soil conservation and water resource development, Handling & escort services, convergence and Linkages. A total of 2550 tribal families in 54 villages of, Chainpur,Sunderpahadi & Latehar blocks of Gumla,Godda and Latehar districts have been covered under these programs. 
 
BIHAR: WADI-Purnea: This WADI is also funded by NABARD and is being implemented in Purnea district of Bihar. The major achievements under this project are productive utilization of wasteland and marginal lands, increased area under fruit crops, conservation of natural resource like water and soil, reduced migration, improved social status, Generation of self-employment for rural mass, Strengthened Community participation in decision making process.  Till now, 1000 tribal families have been brought under this WADI movement and a total of 1000 acres of land has been covered.
 
WEST BENGAL : WADI-, Rajnagar, Hura and Baghmundi and Suri I: Currently, there are 4 WADI projects being implemented in six blocks of Purulia and Birbhum districts of West Bengal, funded by NABARD-Kolkata. Out of these, WADI-  Rajnagar is in  final year of implementation and has covered 500 tribal families in 34 villages with the coverage of 400 acres of  land till now. Other two WADIs in Hura and Baghmundhi block of Purulia are in their 6th and 5rd year respectively, and have covered a total of 1350 tribal families in 89 villages with the establishment of more than 1300 WADIs in an area of 1200 acres. Apart from this a new WADI which was sanctioned  in the year 2015 by NABARD in Suri-I block of Birbhum district intends  to cover 500 families under the program, and has so far covered 300 beneficiaries (by establishing 300 WADIs) from 14 villages with an area coverage of 300 acre.  (Wadi Projects)
 

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