Wasteland Agriculture Development Initiative
WADI - Organic and Non Organic WADI is also known as Wasteland Agriculture Development Initiative (Orchard Development on uncultivable land and providing the beneficiaries the basic knowledge and advantages of orchard farming, providing organic manures, organic fertilizers, organic certification, identifying viable & sustainable micro enterprises). GVT is currently implementing 19 WADIs funded by NABARD in 5 states covering over 17,520 tribal families in more than 500 villages. The total area covered under GVT WADI programme is around 8,265 hectare (20,478 acres) covering more than 19,441 families until now.The project focuses on the development of small fruit orchard and restoration of denuded land through ecological intervention and soil conservation measures. The fallow area between the two rows of fruit plants is promoted by vegetable cultivation, which always ensure the employment and income generation for the target group.
Before implementing the WADI programme, awareness camps are conducted, exposure visit are organized to sensitize the farmers along with training programmes of farmers for capacity building. Farmers who have more than one acre of land but do not cultivate it for producing any crop are selected for the WADI programme. This is followed by Farm system development of Wadi, and then formation of separate Wadi Vikas Samiti in each Wadis. Other targeted components under this WADI programme are livestock development, gender issues and sanitation. The WADI programme acts as a good source of earning extra income from the land on which, earlier nothing was being cultivated.
Major works carried out under WADI programme are:
- Soil conservation
- Water resource development
- Sustainable agriculture
- Community development
- Women capacity development
- Drudgery reduction measures
- On farm & non-form income generation activities, SHG includes thrift & credit habit
- Community health check ups
- Micro enterprises for land less peoples
- Peoples Participation
The main outputs of our WADI programme are productive utilization of wasteland and marginal lands, increased area under fruit crops, conservation of natural resource like water and soil, reduced migration, Improved social status, generation of self employment for rural mass, strengthened community participation in decision making process. WADI plantations have several benefits even on small plots, fruit trees produce high yields, both quantity and money wise; fruit trees provide the tribals with healthy supplementary nutrition to their otherwise nonnutritive diet; and the fruit trees also serve to improve the environment in terms of checking soil erosion, carbon dioxide sequestration, providing shed, increasing growth of fodder plants etc. New orchards developed this year are inter-cultivated with different vegetables as a result the earnings has gone up than those for traditional crops.
Some of the important WADI Projects:
RAJASTHAN: WADI-Kushalgarh II, and Kishanganj: Currently, there are two WADI projects being implemented in the state of Rajasthan which are funded by NABARD. WADI Kishanganj is the recent one which was awarded in 2013 in the Kishanganj block of Baran district. Kishanganj Wadi project aims at the promotion of homestead orchard farming for 550 small and marginalized Sahariya Tribals (including 50 land less farmers) from 20 project villages by improving their economic conditions and quality of life through multi-functional cropping system by 2020 and has already covered 550 farmer families till 2016.Whereas, Kushalgarh WADI II has covered 1000 beneficiary households of 21 villages in Banswara district; wherein1000 acre of land has been covered till 2016-17. On an average 18-20 Mango and 17-20 Aonla/Citrus/Guava etc. saplings are provided to the beneficiaries along with border plantations of forestry species.