Strategy & Approach
GVT adopts the Saturation Approach, while implementing its various developmental interventions like Natural Resource Management (NRM), Skill Development, Institutional Development, Developmental Studies, Health & Sanitation, Education, Social Entrepreneurship and Market Access & Linkage.
Saturation Approach signifies total coverage of a village or targeted population (rural) with a number of interventions or developmental schemes, so that with the passage of time, every household, with the support of such interventions; is able to overcome poverty and deprivation, and the covered population of the area is able to lead a socially & economically dignified life. In other words, GVT strives to saturate its targeted area in line with its developmental activities and cover the entire population under its different interventions depending upon the needs and requirements of the community.
GVT keeps the community at the core of all its plans and builds such programmes and interventions around them as to support the earnings of each family in multiple ways besides improving the education, health and sanitation related facilities available to them.GVT divides its interventions into farm based and non-farm based activities depending on what kind of resources, capacities, and potential exist among the targeted communities. Farm based activities are more commonly promoted among those who have land and water resources and earn their livelihoods through agriculture, livestock and other similar Income Generating Activities (IGAs), while non-farm based activities are more needed for communities that do not have much of natural resources at their disposal and are conducive to IGAs in the secondary and tertiary sectors. Most of the interventions employ a judicious mix of both.
GVT recognizes that incomes of the Farm Based communities can be increased by land productivity improvement through balancing of micro and macro nutrients; sustainable means for soil enrichment; better variety and quality of seeds and farm inputs for improving yield; and adoption of optimal irrigation methods like drip and sprinkler irrigation systems, lift irrigation besides improving the cropping ratio and crop mix; multi layered cropping; and harvesting, storage and marketing for better price realizations. Since, GVT works mostly in rainfed tribal areas, it becomes vital for it to manage water resources very well through effective watershed management techniques for recharging of ground water (aquifers); water storage techniques for filling existing water bodies and creating new ones; adequate plantations and greening for soil conservation; proper sanitation for health safety besides keeping sources of water free of pollution; and building social and economic activities to suit optimal utilization of water resources. Livestock and IGAs based on farm inputs are also integral part of our interventions meant for farm based communities.
Non-Farm based activities basically make use of the human resource and skill sets that are locally available or the potential or talent to acquire the same exists, but are not being used productively. These require careful identification of needs, preferences and capabilities of the community. Further, nature of interventions depends on age groups and social and commercial practices that pre-exist in the locality. These may include, on one hand, local businesses such as tailoring, beauty parlours, grocery shops, making of handicrafts; while on the other, these may include skilling and training the suitable candidates for taking up matching jobs or starting businesses that add value to existing produce or services. Through a range of interventions, GVT provides skill sets matching with the acumen of the villagers and builds their capacities so that they can realize their true potential and carry out income generating activities on their own. They are also encouraged and trained to turn into entrepreneurs at local level after undergoing capacity building trainings and if needed, seed capital is also provided out of a Social Entrepreneurship Fund (SEF) set up for this purpose.
Human Resource Development is another Non-Farm based activity through which GVT targets those individuals who are ready to undergo Skill Training and migrate to various work places in and out of the state in which they reside. Skill sets are identified and proper training is provided to the excess population of a village, who do not shows any interest in agricultural activities but shows more interest in organized trades and other services.