Skill Development Programme of GVT
India is one of the few countries in the world where the working age population is far in excess of those dependent on them and, as per the World Bank, this will continue for at least three decades till 2040. GVT sees Skill Upgradation and Development as a potential source of significant strength for the national economy, provided we are able to equip and continuously upgrade the skills of the population in the working age group. Even Government of India recognizes this and has adopted skill development as a national priority over the next 10 years. In the Central Government, around 20 Ministries are closely involved in skill development. GVT views Skill building as an instrument to improve the effectiveness and contribution of labor to the overall production. It is as an important ingredient to push the production possibility frontier outward and to take growth rate of the economy to a higher trajectory. Skill building could also be seen as an instrument to empower the individual and improve his/her social acceptance or value when undertaken with proper perspective and integrity.
The objective of Skill Development programme of GVT is to create a workforce empowered with the necessary and continuously upgraded skills, knowledge and nationally recognized qualifications to gain access to decent employment. It aims at increasing the productivity and employability of workforce. GVT seeks increased participation of rural youth, women, disabled and other disadvantaged sections and to synergize efforts of various sectors and enhance the capability to adapt to changing technologies and labour market demands.GVT recognizes the fact that 'Skill development is of key importance in stimulating a sustainable development process. It is also essential to address the opportunities and challenges to meet new demands of changing economies and new technologies in the context of globalization. GVT's experience in skill development programme recognizes that skill development can help build a 'virtuous circle' in which the quality and relevance of education and training for women and men fuels the innovation, investment, technological change, enterprise development, economic diversification and competitiveness that economies need to accelerate the creation of more jobs.
GVT's Experience in Skill Development (Placement Linked)
GVT started its journey on the path of skill development, called Migrant Labour Support Programme way back in 2002 when it was implementing the Rainfed project funded by DFID on a smaller scale. While working in the tribal areas for more than one and half decade, GVT has realized that transformation of the unskilled poor into skilled workers through skill upgradation would be the most significant intervention. Due to lack of experience during that time GVT tied up with Construction Industry Development Council, CIDC to be its knowledge partner for developing training curricula and testing of skill in post training period. It partnered with IGNOU for certification after training. It imparted skill training to Migrant Workers with proper certification to make them employable at various places. Under MLSP, a total of 40 vocational training programmes were conducted and 4157 were trained under this programme and certificates were issued to around 2153 successful candidates by IGNOU. An important aspect of this programme is that the candidates were made aware of various labour laws and about their rights which they would get in the post employment period. It also received support from Asian Development Bank to implement a similar project at Ratlam in Madhya Pradesh, to train migrant tribals in road construct and build capacity of their families through awareness programme and facilitating better services for the workers at jobs sites through running cr'che, since most of these tribals travelled to work places along with their families.
Capitalizing on its own experience and collaborative strength, GVT has developed its competencies over the years to provide skill development trainings and in last 10 years GVT has trained rural youths and school dropouts from the marginalized communities in construction skills and in ICT. GVT has now scaled up its Skill Development initiative significantly in terms of number of people trained and geographical spread of its skill training centres. It has established its own centers at Bero in Jharkhand, Jehenabad in Bihar, Balasore in Odisha and Dhamtri in Chhatisgarh. The construction trade curriculum is for a period of three months training. In construction trade GVT has noticed that maximum of tribal BPL who join skill training programme dropout within two weeks of training. So to increase the retention and see that the candidates successfully complete their training at the center GVT has adopted an innovative approach which has resulted in increased retention at the centers.
In the process of up-scaling, GVT also felt it necessary to work collaboratively with the organizations having similar understandings and experience and has develop an approach to achieve a formal, time-bound arrangement, systematically linking diverse competencies for better deliverables. As a sequel to that GVT has developed collaboration with M/s Larsen & Toubro, and M/s Nucleus Computers for construction and ICT trade respectively.
GVT has also established the Vocational Training Centre under Vanbandhu Kalyan Yojana (Chief Minister's Ten Point Program), Tribal Development Department- D-SAG, Governement of Gujarat under techneical support of giz-IS (German Technical Corporation - International Services) to train tribal youth on construction sector related trades. http://gvt-vtc.org/
M/s Larsen & Toubro is a knowledge powerhouse for all construction related skills by virtue of it being the largest civil and infrastructure company in India, for its all ongoing skill development programmes. L&T provides employment to all the candidates trained by GVT at its various construction sites. Nucleus Computers Limited (NCL) as knowledge partner which is a leading Talent Development Corporation, comprising of companies which are into building skilled manpower pool for industry requirements. NCL's training solutions in IT, Business Process Outsourcing, Banking, Finance and Insurance, Executive Management Education, Communication and Professional Life Skills. NCL also guarantees placement to its trained persons to the industries and having a track record of placing more than 85% trained persons since its commencement of operation.
Recently GVT has partnered with the state governments of Rajasthan and Bihar under the scheme Swarna Jayanti Sahari Rojgar Yojna, SJSRY to impart training under construction and information and communication technology. Similarly it is in talks with government of Odisha and Haryana to undertake similar assignment to upscale the skill development programme.