Livestock Centric Project, Nagaur (Rajasthan)

Introduction

India has 31.7 million hectare (11% of geographical area) of hot arid land, of which 62% is in the western part of Rajasthan state. In Rajasthan, these dry areas are supporting high population of 107 human 137 animals per square KM.  The arid and semi arid regions of the states of the Rajasthan and Gujrat in India are characterized by low rainfall, low levels of economic activity, high incidence of land degradation, and a high concentration of rural poor. Low public and private sector investment especially in agriculture research and technology, low adoption rates of improved technologies, inadequate market linkages are some of the reasons in slower development of agriculture and allied sectors in the region. This, coupled with increased incidences of drought, has led to the poorer sectors of rural societies, the small producers, becoming even more marginalized in the region.

 

Livestock in these regions helps in moderating risks, provide resilience, diversify livelihood and can be migrated or liquidated during calamities. Livestock production systems in these areas are characterized by low productivity, low fertility, shortage of feed resources – especially green forage and greater dependency of resource poor farmers on livestock as a major source of income.A paradigm shift is needed in the approach for promoting livestock production systems in these regions. Conventional approaches aim at enhancing crop production systems which given the prevailing conditions in the region is risky and not adequately remunerative. Alternatively, the focus can be made towards strengthening livestock production as a central intervention and build other enabling conditions around this activity.

 

In view of the above, it is proposed to initiate a pilot study in Rajasthan with an integrated approach. The model developed could be replicated within similar agro-ecological conditions in India and elsewhere.

 

Goal

The aim of the pilot study is to demonstrate the viability of livestock production system(s) as a sustainable major livelihood contributor in arid eco region with effective harnessing of natural resources in an integrated manner.

 

Objectives : The pilot study would be taken up with the following major objectives.

 

Location of the Project

The pilot study would be taken in any one of the arid districts of Rajasthan. Tentative the study is proposed to be taken up in Nagaur district.

 

Work Plan

 

 

Project duration

The project would be spread over a period of four years from the date of commencement.

 

Deliverables

Budget

The project will be funded by the National Rainfed Area Authority (NRAA), Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India based on the proposed activities and requirements of Consortium partners.

 

 

 

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