E-Governance services which have been undertaken would go a long way in helping the beneficiaries to get direct benefits of various centrally sponsored schemes and cash transfer which were hitherto entangled with lots of redtapism and other forms of harassment in the vicious circle of corruption. E-Governance will go a long way in reducing these anomalies which will ultimately result in end of redtapism and other forms of exploitation of the poor.
Under the E-Governance Services, currently there are two projects being managed by GVT namely: Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and National Population Register (NPR)
Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY)
RSBY, literally "National Health Insurance Programme", is a government-run health scheme for the Indian poor. It provides cashless insurance for hospitalisation in public as well private hospitals. The scheme started enrolling on April 1, 2008 and has been implemented in 25 states of India. A total of 23 million families have been enrolled as of February 2011. The RSBY is a project under the Ministry of Labour and Employment.
Every "below poverty line" (BPL) family holding a yellow ration card pays Rs. 30 registration fee to get a biometric-enabled card containing their fingerprints and photographs. This enables them to receive inpatient medical care of up to Rs. 30,000 per family per year in any of the empanelled hospitals. Pre-existing illnesses are covered from day one, for head of household, spouse and up to three dependent children or parents.
The scheme is run on shared financial contribution by both central and state governments: 75% of the Rs.600 premium (per person per year) is borne by the central government and the rest by the state governments. The scheme is unique in the fact that it is heavily IT-enabled. Enrolment of families into the scheme, smart card generation, pre-authorization of admissions, as well as claim submission and approval, all occur electronically.
The scheme has won plaudits from the World Bank, the UN and the ILO as one of the world's best health insurance schemes. One of the big changes that this scheme is bringing, investments to unserved areas. Most of private investments in healthcare in India have been focused on tertiary or specialized care in urban areas. However, with RSBY coming in, the scenario is changing. In line of this project, GVT has started working in the three districts of Uttar Pradesh (Pratapgarh, Kaushambi and Sonbhadra) and two districts of Bihar (Arwal and Purnia) and is involved in the digitization and smart card generation process of the project.
National Population Register (NPR)
The Government of India has initiated the creation of National Population Register (NPR) by collecting specific information of all usual residents in the country during the House listing and Housing Census phase of Census 2011 during April 2010 to September 2010. The NPR is a comprehensive identity database to be maintained by the Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India (RG&CCI), Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. The objective of creation of the NPR is to help in better targeting of the benefits and services under the government schemes, improve planning, improve security and prevent identity fraud. NPR is the biggest biometric database — including face, fingerprint and iris recognition of the over 1 billion Indian population — that has ever been made. There are several major project activities being performed under the NPR Project. These include house listing by enumerator, scanning of NPR schedules, data digitization, biometric enrolment and consolidation, LRUR correction and validation, deduplication by UIDAI and issuance of AADHAR number, and consolidation of cleansed data at ORGI. There is also a proposal to issue identity/smart card. National Population Register carries specific biometric identification details and photographs of 120 crore Indians. The mammoth digital database has individual identification details like name, age, address, photographs and biometric signatures like fingerprints. The database also contains the unique identification (UID) number. The database will help the government to reach out even to the poorest of society.
- Collection of personal details of all residents of the country.
- Capture of photograph and finger prints of all residents who are of age 15 years and above in villages/urban areas.
- The data collection for preparation of NPR is undertaken along with the House listing Operations of Census 2011.
Utility of NPR:
- The NPR when created would be a comprehensive identity database in the country.
- It would not only strengthen security of the country but also help in better targeting of the benefits and services under the Government schemes/programmes and improve planning.
In line of this project, as of now, GVT has done the digitization of various records being maintained under NPR, in “Chakia” District of Bihar, and for doing this job around 200 people were employed. GVT also plans to take up similar projects for future implementation like Unique Identification Card/Number (UID). A brief information regarding UID is given below:
Unique Identification Card/Number (UID)
UID project is known as ‘AADHAAR' meaning 'support' or 'foundation'. This project is an initiative of the Union Government of India and conceived by the Planning Commission of India to create a national ID in the form of smart card for every Indian citizen with the objective of increasing national security, managing citizen identity and facilitating e-governance. The primary use of the card is that it will be the basis for efficient delivery of various welfare services. It is believed that Unique National IDs will help address the rigged state elections and widespread embezzlement that affects subsidies and poverty alleviation programs such as NREGA. Primarily implementation of the UID card programme aims at ensuring inclusive growth by providing a form of identity to those who do not have any identity. It seeks to provide UID numbers to the marginalized sections of society and thus would strengthen equity. Apart from providing identity, the UID will enable better delivery of services and effective governance.